The aim of the game is to play each hole in as few shots as possible. The well known term birdie is where the hole has been completed in one stroke under par whereas a bogey is one stroke over par. Then we have the double bogey, triple bogey and quadruple bogey!!
There are two forms of play - match play where each hole is a separate contest and stroke play which counts the number of strokes for the whole round is added up.
Links Course - a tradition type of course with many long standing ones to be found in Britain. They are usually in the dunes between the beach and the farmland and contain few water hazards and few trees.
Parkland Course - The typical inland course resembling a British park. They contain lots of trees and the fairways are cut as lawns.
Xerisacpe Course - These are similar to parkland but with more utilisation of native plants to reduce the need for irrigation.
Heathland Course - As the name suggests these are to be found on heathland and therefore feature heather and gorse. They are also less manicured than the parkland courses.